Experiments on the nature of the carcinogenic agents in minereal oils

by C. C. Twort

Publisher: s.n in S.l

Written in English
Published: Pages: 161 Downloads: 872
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  • Carcinogenicity.

Edition Notes

Statementby C. C. Twort and J. D. Fulton.
ContributionsFulton, J. D.
The Physical Object
Paginationp. 149-161 ;
Number of Pages161
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL19273796M

Even in products that only use known carcinogens as a preservative or emulsifying agent, the ingredients are present in much higher concentrations than we usually think. For example, the lead in drinking water or the tocopherols in cracker packages are in extremely minute quantities compared to the sodium lauryl sulfate in body wash. This article is within the scope of WikiProject Food and drink, a collaborative effort to improve the coverage of food and drink related articles on Wikipedia. If you would like to participate, please visit the project page, where you can join the discussion and see a list of open tasks. B This article has been rated as B-Class on the project's quality scale. Carcinogen, any of a number of agents that can cause cancer in humans. They can be divided into three major categories: chemical carcinogens (including those from biological sources), physical carcinogens, and oncogenic (cancer-causing) viruses. Most carcinogens, singly or in . Saturated fats (such as butter and lard), we are told, are bad for us, and polyunsaturated fats (such as sunflower oil and corn oil) are good for us. But this is just looking at the fats at room.

Dichloromethane is a volatile, colourless liquid, with a mildly sweet, not unpleasant odour. It’s immiscible with water but can dissolve a wide range of organic compounds. These properties. Formaldehyde is an important precursor to many other materials and chemical compounds. In , the installed capacity for the production of formaldehyde was estimated at million tons per year. It is mainly used in the production of industrial resins, e.g., for particle board and coatings.. In view of its widespread use, toxicity, and volatility, formaldehyde poses a significant danger to Chemical formula: CH₂O. The good news: Switching personal-care products can reduce your body’s level of hormone disrupters—quickly. In a recent study, researchers at UC Berkeley School of Public Health tested urine levels of four common endocrine disrupters in teenage girls—pthalates, parabens, triclosan and they had the young women switch to personal-care products that are free of those.   The idea that nature can harm us is not new. “Among the agents identified as human carcinogens by the International Agency for Research in Cancer 62% occur naturally: 16 are natural Author: Dorea Reeser.

  The type of mineral oil used in cosmetics, mineral grade cosmetic oil, is highly purified, doesn’t contain any carcinogenic impurities, isn’t toxic nor comedogenic. There really is no scientific proof to support the claims that mineral oil is bad for skin, but plenty that says it is safe and effective. Mineral oils are classified by the proportion distilling at °C to light (%), medium (%), and heavy (%). Moreover, adjuvant oils are highly developed self-emulsifying oils, which produce a quick-breaking emulsion, spread rapidly, and support penetration of Cited by: 4. Mineral oil is any of various colorless, odorless, light mixtures of higher alkanes from a mineral source, particularly a distillate of petroleum, as distinct from usually edible vegetable oils.. The name mineral oil by itself is imprecise, having been used for many specific oils over the past few centuries. Other names, similarly imprecise, include white oil, paraffin oil, liquid paraffin (a.

Experiments on the nature of the carcinogenic agents in minereal oils by C. C. Twort Download PDF EPUB FB2

Concentration of the carcinogenic agents was, however, effected by extraction of the oils by means of picric acid in conjunction with methyl sulphite or methyl sulfate. From a consideration of the chemical reactions involved, the authors are of opinion that it is to benzenoid hydrocarbons hydrocarbons Subject Category: Chemicals and Chemical GroupsCited by: By comparison, the 11 oils, processed by other refining routes, were less carcinogenic or non-carcinogenic to murine skin.

Two of the 11 oils were weak cutaneous carcinogens viz, a naphthenic spindle oil refined only by mild hydrotreatment and a paraffinic spindle oil refined by mild solvent extraction and 'Ferrofining'.Cited by: The Carcinogenic action of mineral oils: a chemical and biological study [Medical Research Council] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying : Medical Research Council.

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Mineral oils comprise a diverse set of agents used for a wide range of industrial operations. There is evidence that mineral oils vary in their potential to cause cancer with the degree of treatment or processing.

Hydro-treatment and solvent extraction reduce the PAH content, and thus the carcinogenicity of the oils. Mineral oils (also known as base oils, mineral base oils or lubricant base oils) are chemical substances prepared from naturally occurring crude petroleum oil.

Crude oil is distilled first at atmospheric pressure and then under high vacuum to yield vacuum distillates and residual fractions that can be further refined to mineral oils. Mineral oils refined from petroleum crudeFile Size: KB. A complete description of mineral oils should include how the oils are refined.

Oils used in cosmetic products are typically highly refined, whereas those used in automotive oils and fluids tend to be unrefined or only mildly treated. Although it was widely assumed that soot was the carcinogenic agent, there was some dissent to the general view, and the debate smouldered on until Passey (78) indem- onstrated that he could induce tumours in the skin of mice with an ethereal soot by: hydrotreatment to produce the refined mineral oils.

The remaining aromatics found in the refined mineral oils are mainly ring highly alkylated structures, which are not carcinogenic.

From petroleum to mineral oils White oils and waxes are chemically very inert substances. What is thus used for instance, in the cosmetics, pharmaceutical.

Rose oil, Elemi oil and Holy Basil oil all contain very small amounts of carcinogens, but the oils are not generally considered to be carcinogenic. On the other hand, Calamus oil, Sassafras oil and Huon Pine oil are considered to be carcinogenic, and they are not much used in aromatherapy.

Several experiments in laboratory animals confirm the carcinogenic potential of petroleum-derived mineral oils ().

However, none of these tests in animals is accompanied by adequately defined chemical analyses of the samples used for application so as to establish a relation between PAH concentration and tumor by: Aromatic mineral oils are potentially carcinogenic and mutagenic.

Mineral oils are the biggest contaminant in the human body. "Aromatic mineral oils" are described by the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) as potentially carcinogenic and mutagenic, which is why such residues should not be present in food even in the smallest amounts.

This is a PDF-only article. The first page of the PDF of this article appears by:   The twelfth edition of the Report on Carcinogens, for example, put out by the National Toxicology Program, states that untreated and mildly treated mineral oils are known to be human carcinogens based on sufficient evidence of carcinogenicity from studies in humans.

These are the oils used in metalworking, manufacturing, automotive, mining, construction, and other industries. Mineral Oils: Untreated and Mildly Treated CAS No.: none assigned Known to be human carcinogens First listed in the First Annual Report on Carcinogens () Carcinogenicity Untreated and mildly treated mineral oils are known to be human car-cinogens based on sufficient evidence of carcinogenicity from stud-ies in humans.

Cancer Studies in HumansFile Size: KB. I can't tell you why mineral oil is carcinogenic but I can tell you that when given to lab rats in small doses, they die.

This includes topical, injected, and oral doeses. The four fastest ways. CARCINOGENS IN THE HUMAN ENVIRONMENT B y the second half of the s, it had become evident that several physical, chemical, and biological agents could cause cancer in humans, as reviewed in Richard Doll’s book Prevention of Cancer: Pointers from Epidemiology in Alongside epidemiology, long-term experiments with animals (typically.

ical carcinogens. Many of these nonviral and nonradio active compounds are products of man's activities, some are found in inanimate nature, and some of the newest agents are products of living cells. This review describes some of these agents arid some of their properties, partic ularly as they might relate to the etiology of cancer in by:   Essential oils are made up of dozens – sometimes hundreds – of chemical constituents.

Some of these constituents are potentially carcinogenic; others are anti-carcinogenic; some are neither. Below you will find links to more information on this. Cooking with vegetable oils releases toxic cancer-causing chemicals, say experts Scientists warn against the dangers of frying food in sunflower oil.

Questions and Answers on Mineral Oil in Cosmetic Products BfR FAQ of 26 May Cosmetic products can contain mineral oils, waxes and white oils from refined and processed crude oils.

The proportions of potentially carcinogenic hydrocarbons are reduced and/or elim-inated through the processing of the crude Size: 37KB. ADVERTISEMENTS: In this article we will discuss about the chemical and physical types of mutagens.

Chemical Mutagens: Singer and Kusmierek () have published an excellent review on chemical mutagenesis. Some of the chemical mutagens and mutagenesis are given in Tableand described below: i.

Base Analogues: A base analogue is a chemical compound [ ]. The things that can give you cancer – the full list Over 30 components of diesel oil are listed at various levels of carcinogenic by the IARC.

30 Mineral oils, Carcinogenic agents Author: Aisha Gani. The fall in the refractive index of mineral oils recovered after injection into the peritoneal cavity of mice is usually accompanied by a fall in the density proportional to the fall in the index.

With straight distillates from the crude oil the ratio of index fall to density fall is on an average about 085 to by: 2. Sources of mineral oil are laxatives or oils used in food technology as release agents or for lubrication purposes (Boitnott & Margolis, ). Oil droplets, identified as saturated alkane hydrocarbons, have been demonstrated in mesenteric lymphnodes and nodes of the porta hepatis in man.

Mineral oils are derived from crude oil and coal and are indigestible, while some types are carcinogenic. There are two types of mineral oil hydrocarbons: MOSH (Mineral Oil Saturated Hydrocarbon) and MOAH (Mineral Oil Aromatic Hydrocarbon). According to a European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) opinion, MOAH could be mutagenic and carcinogenic.

Group 4: Probably not carcinogenic to humans. Of the agents listed by IARC as known human carcinogens (Groups 1), at least 11 have been or are currently used in personal care products: formaldehyde, phenacetin, coal tar, benzene, untreated or mildly treated mineral oils, methylene glycol, ethylene oxide, chromium, cadmium and its compounds.

Technical-grade mineral oils are used as mechanical lubricants and have been linked to increased cancer risk. In fact, the World Health Organization has designated untreated or mildly treated oils as Group 1 carcinogens and placed highly refined mineral oil in the Group 3 category.

Medicinal, cosmetic and food‐grade oils are highly refined white mineral oils with a carbon number range from 15 to 25 for light and 25 to 50 heavy oils 2. Mineral oil has been used in cosmetics for more than a hundred years, but the exact date of the introduction of mineral oil Cited by: Mineral oils are almost universally present in our environment.

Their constituents can infiltrate foods of both plant and animal origin in many different ways. From the perspective of their chemical structure, the main compounds of interest are mineral oil saturated hydrocarbons (MOSH) and – to a proportionally lesser extent – mineral oil aromatic hydrocarbons (MOAH).Both types are easily.

oils used in these experiments. Eucalyptus oil and phellandrene, one of its constituents, have also been tested as promoting agents on mouse skin (17). About 10% of the mice treated developed tumors.

Oils with less terpenes, such as bergamot oil which consists mainly of alcohols and esters, prove less active as tumor-promoting by: Mineral thickeners are also natural, and as with the naturally derived thickeners mentioned above, they absorb water and oils to increase viscosity, but give a different result to the final emulsion than the gums.

Popular mineral thickeners include magnesium aluminium silicate, silica and bentonite.Sources of mineral oil are laxatives or oils used in food technology as release agents or for lubrication purposes (Boitnott and Margolis, ).

Oil droplets, identified as saturated alkane hydrocarbons, have been demonstrated in mesenteric lymphnodes and nodes of the porta hepatis in man.